By Richard E Litz
This e-book is a complete reference paintings at the present prestige of biotechnology of the key temperate, subtropical and tropical fruit and nut crop species of the realm. it's a substitute of Biotechnology of Perennial Fruit plants (eds Hammerschlag and Litz, CABI, 1992) and contains insurance of extra fruit in addition to nut crop species. each one bankruptcy features a basic creation to the actual plant kinfolk, with an outline of the commercial value and power of biotechnology for fruit and nut species in the relatives, sooner than reading person species in additional element.
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Extra info for Biotechnology of Fruit and Nut Crops (Biotechnology in Agriculture Series, Volume 29)
Chinensis in the work of Tsai (1988). 7 – Higher vigour of somaclones – The in vitro regeneration and regenerated at high pH selection methods seem – No clear effect of pH on plant useful to create and select tolerance to lime variability in kiwifruit – Some somaclones, able to – The methodology is grow in vitro at high pH, promising to obtain tolerance were more tolerant to lime to high pH and lime levels in than controls soil Marino and Bertazza (1998) Marino et al. (1998) – DNA dodecaploid plants – A validated method to obtain Boase and obtained (probably by somaclonal variation Hopping (1995) restitutional mitosis), with – Production of larger fruits is stomatal guard cells expected from the dodecaploid significantly greater than those plants from hexaploid somaclones – Dodecaploids were more difficult to multiply than hexaploids, but similar in morphology Tsai (1988) Cai (Tsai) et al.
In the medium to long term, biotechnology should increase the availability of Actinidia species or varieties with fruits that are commercially competitive. Technology will also help to ensure the maintenance of genetic diversity through laboratory methods such as cryopreservation. The exploitation of Actinidia biological systems for the production of bioactive products important in human health is also promising in the light of preliminary results. There is still much work needed to provide a better understanding of gene regulation and phenotypic expression, but some of the basic work required to develop these studies has already been accomplished and, while various Actinidia genotypes are known to be amenable to in vitro manipulation, knowledge now being accumulated will give insight into the methods needed to manipulate other genotypes.
1995) attempted protoplast fusion to combine A. deliciosa with A. arguta genotypes, but no regenerants were obtained. , 1995). Somatic hybridization has been achieved in Actinidia (Xiao and Han, 1997), demonstrating the feasibility and potential of the technique. The authors fused protoplasts of A. deliciosa with A. chinensis (6x + 2x) and A. chinensis with A. kolomikta (2x + 2x). Regeneration-competent protoplasts of A. deliciosa and A. 1), while those of A. kolomikta, obtained from the youngest fully expanded leaves of micropropagated shoots (clone K1), did not regenerate.
Biotechnology of Fruit and Nut Crops (Biotechnology in Agriculture Series, Volume 29) by Richard E Litz