By Gerhard Stucki, Patrick Steinle (auth.), Spiros N. Agathos, Walter Reineke (eds.)
At the sunrise of the twenty first century, biotechnology is rising as a key allowing know-how for sustainable environmental safeguard and stewardship. Biotechnology for the surroundings: procedure and Fundamentals captures the dynamism of environmental biotechnology because it addresses the molecular functioning of microorganisms as cleanup brokers, their communal interactions in average and polluted ecosystems, and the principles of sensible bioremediation procedures. Chapters on organic pollutants keep an eye on within the chemical undefined, biodegradation of chronic molecules (halogenated compounds, polycyclic fragrant hydrocarbons, polychlorinated biphenyls, insecticides, detergents, etc.), microbial range with effect on international switch, bioaugmentation recommendations, and sensors for ecotoxicological tracking, might be of worth to environmental scientists, engineers, and decision-makers interested by the advance, review, or implementation of organic remedy systems.
For info on Soil Remediation, see Focus on Biotechnology volume3B, and for info on Waste Water and Waste fuel dealing with, see Focus on Biotechnology quantity 3C.
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Additional info for Biotechnology for the Environment: Strategy and Fundamentals
Lmol MY oxidised per minute; abbreviations: ND, not determined; CB, chlorobenzoate; CP, chlorophenol; PCE, tetrachloroethene; TCE, trichloroethene; PA, phenylacetic acid; BA, benzoic acid; MY, Methyl viologen (reduced) 31 Hauke Smidt, Antoon D. L. Akkermans, John Van Der Oost and Willem M. De Vos B CI H' lit Figure 3. Proposed reaction mechanisms of (A) corrinoid-containing PCE reductive dehalogenases according to Holliger et al. [30} and (B) o-CP reductive dehalogenase from Desuffitobacterium dehalogenans .
Hermann, R. and Leisinger, T. (1997) Isolation of an anaerobic bacterium which reductively dechlorinates tetrachloroethene and trichloroethene, Biodegradation 7, 507-511. Wohlfarth, G. and Diekert, G. (1997) Anaerobic dehalogenases, Curro Opin. Biotechnol. 8,290-295. 46 DIVERSITY AND ACTIVITY OF MICROBES OXIDIZING METHANE AND AMMONIUM IN NORTHERN ORGANIC SOILS UNDER CHANGING ENVIRONMENTAL CONDITIONS PERTTI J. MARTIKAINEN 1, RITVA E. VASARA 2, MARl T. SUUTARI 3 AND K. o. o. Box 1049, e-mail: Ritva.
1 ... o-proteobacteria e-proteobacteria Figure 2. Phylogenetic tree based on bacterial SSU rRNA sequences. The reported capacity to dehalogenate chloroaromatics (*), chloroalkenes (**) or both (***) is indicated. Alignment and phylogenetic analysis were performed with the ARB software [77J, and the tree was constructed follOWing maximum parsimony criteria with nearest neighbour optimisation. No SSU rRNA sequences were available for Desulfitobacterium strains PCE-S and Vietl, Desuifuromonas strain BBI, and strains 2-CPI and 2-CPC.
Biotechnology for the Environment: Strategy and Fundamentals by Gerhard Stucki, Patrick Steinle (auth.), Spiros N. Agathos, Walter Reineke (eds.)