Gerald Reed, T. W. Nagodawithana's Biotechnology, 2E, Vol. 9, Enzymes, Biomass, Food and Feed PDF

By Gerald Reed, T. W. Nagodawithana

ISBN-10: 3527283196

ISBN-13: 9783527283194

This quantity examines the classical elements of biotechnology: the appliance of organic rules for the aim of changing foodstuffs into extra palatable, nutritious or sturdy meals. 4 unique, yet similar components are coated intimately: enzymes, biomass creation, meals fermentations and feed fermentations. specific cognizance is paid to the analytical makes use of of enzymes. furthermore, meals fermentations are handled on a world-wide foundation, from pickles to the Korean kimchi. issues integrated are: creation of Enzymes as superb chemical substances - dietary worth of Microbial Biomass - Baked items - Baker's Yeast creation - Carbohydrate-Based Sweeteners - Wine and Brandy - Brewing - Cheese - Vinegar - Indigenous Fermented meals - Fermented Feeds and Feed supplementations

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Additional resources for Biotechnology, 2E, Vol. 9, Enzymes, Biomass, Food and Feed

Example text

In this form, it truly represents catalytic efficiency. K,, the ratio of the sum of first-order rate constants (dimension: time - I ) to a second-order rate constant (dimensions: concentration time - I ) , has the units of concentration, and is independent of enzyme concentration, so long as assumption (l), above, is met. It represents an aggregate dissociation constant for ES in that it consists of the ratio of rate constants for dissociation of ES to that for its formation. Provided that k,

Side chains of amino acid residues that can function as general acids include lysine (-NH:), histidine (=NH -), serine and threonine (-OH), cysteine (-SH), and, if + 26 I The Nature of’ Enzymes their pK, is such that they are protonated at ambient pH, the carboxyl groups of aspartic and glutamic acids. Side chains that can function as general bases include histidine (=N-), and the carboxylate groups of aspartate and glutamate. Tab. 3 lists side chains of enzymes that are known or thought to function as general acids or bases.

It is rather difficult to judge the quality of data from a direct v vs. [S] plot, especially in the past, before desktop and on-line computers. Several methods for linearizing the data were therefore developed. The most common of these is the double-reciprocal o r Lineweav- 3 Catalysis and Mechanism 35 k. 4-Phosphopantetheine 7% ? YH f CH,C--CH-C-NH-CH,CH,C-NH-CH,CH,-S 0 f I H CH3 o-P=O 06 I. Pyridoxal-5’-phosphate I H m. Pyrroloquinolinequinone (PQQ) 0 n. Pyruvate Fig. 8 k-n. er-Burk plot. If the Michaelis-Menten equation is inverted, it is easily seen that A double reciprocal plot ( l l u vs.

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Biotechnology, 2E, Vol. 9, Enzymes, Biomass, Food and Feed by Gerald Reed, T. W. Nagodawithana

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