By Victor R Preedy, Vinood B Patel, Kosha Mehta, R A Munoz-Clares, V S Melissas, T A Garrow, E E Howell, A Crego, M Curtis, P A Tatke, L Servillo, J Swierczynski, N C Danbolt, M Hiramatsu, M M Murphy, K K Kharbanda, H Zhu, H Y Chung, Kaisa Olli, Stuart Craig
Betaine is greatly dispensed in vegetation and animals and has a task as an osmolyte and as a cofactor in methylation in liver metabolism. it's been proven to guard inner organs, enhance vascular probability elements and increase functionality. The becoming physique of facts exhibits that betaine is a crucial nutrient for the prevention of continual disorder. This quantity surveys the present kingdom of play in those and different components of curiosity, together with its position in one-carbon metabolism, tissue biochemistry and interactions with folate and different biomolecules. The research of betaines utilizing various concepts is roofed, as is the functionality and results within the physique.
Written by way of a professional overseas crew, this ebook presents a desirable perception for people with an curiosity within the results of betaine on wellbeing and fitness and the nutrition. it is going to allure throughout disciplines yet particularly to dietary and foodstuff scientists, overall healthiness execs and researchers.
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Betaine is commonly dispensed in crops and animals and has a task as an osmolyte and as a cofactor in methylation in liver metabolism. it's been proven to guard inner organs, enhance vascular threat elements and increase functionality. The turning out to be physique of facts indicates that betaine is a crucial nutrient for the prevention of persistent disorder.
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Extra info for Betaine : chemistry, analysis, function and effects
Takabe, T. , 1996. Exogenous glycine betaine accumulation and increased salt tolerance in rice seedlings. Bioscience, Biotechnology and Biochemistry. 60: 366–368. , Tanaka, Y. , 2002. Functional characterization of choline monooxygenase, an enzyme for betaine synthesis in plants. Journal of Biological Chemistry. 277: 41352–41360. -L. , 2001. Molecular biology of the plastidic phosphorylated serine biosynthetic pathway in Arabidopsis thaliana. Amino Acids. 20: 243–259. Hoffmann, C. , 2005. Changes in N composition of sugar beet varieties in response to increasing N supply.
Under the same conditions, CMO accumulates exclusively in old leaves and is difficult to detect in young leaves. Incubation of segments of mature and young leaves with deuterium-labeled choline revealed that the rate of deuterium-labeled-GB synthesis in mature leaves was about 9-fold higher than that in young leaves. The levels of CMO mRNA were higher in mature leaves than in young leaves. Thus, the differential accumulation of CMO was essentially controlled by transcription level. When deuterium-substituted GB was applied exogenously to one of the attached mature leaf, labeled-GB were preferentially detected in young leaves and root, but not in other expanded leaves.
Levine, L. H. and Stutte, G. , 2001. Glycine betaine accumulation, ionic and water relations of red-beet at contrasting levels of sodium supply. Journal of Plant Physiology. 158: 767–776. , Nanmori, T. , 2006. Transcriptional response of glycinebetaine-related genes to salt stress and light in leaf beet. Plant Biotechnology. 23: 317–320. , Takabe, T. , 2002. Functional characterization of betaine/proline transporters in betaine-accumulating mangrove. Journal of Biological Chemistry. 277: 18373–18382.
Betaine : chemistry, analysis, function and effects by Victor R Preedy, Vinood B Patel, Kosha Mehta, R A Munoz-Clares, V S Melissas, T A Garrow, E E Howell, A Crego, M Curtis, P A Tatke, L Servillo, J Swierczynski, N C Danbolt, M Hiramatsu, M M Murphy, K K Kharbanda, H Zhu, H Y Chung, Kaisa Olli, Stuart Craig