By Lu Ann Aday
This up to date moment variation of in danger in the US presents a close research of these key inhabitants teams so much susceptible to illness and harm within the usa today-including homeless folks, refugees and immigrants, humans residing with AIDS, alcohol and substance abusers, high-risk moms and babies, sufferers of relatives or different violence, and the chronically or mentally ailing. Lu Ann Aday stories the most important theories and information bearing on those at-risk teams and provides new ways and methodologies for tracing the social determinants and societal impacts on future health. She examines the explicit wellbeing and fitness wishes and dangers confronted by means of those teams, their adventure within the future health care approach, the present rules and courses that serve them, and the learn and coverage tasks that would be undertaken to aid decrease their vulnerability.
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Extra resources for At Risk in America: The Health and Health Care Needs of Vulnerable Populations in the United States
More recently transmission through intravenous drug use and heterosexual sexual contacts has increased. HIV/AIDS-Related Deaths. As with the reporting of AIDS cases, trends in death rates due to HIV/AIDs are troublesome to trace precisely due to changes in case deﬁnitions. However, since 1995 there is evidence that death rates have declined, reﬂecting the prolongation of life for many persons living with HIV/AIDS. Mentally Ill and Disabled The mentally ill and disabled include individuals who experience neuroses and psychoses, as well as those with mental retardation or other cognitive impairments.
Men may be placed at greater risk of poor health outcomes as a function of working in hazardous jobs or being inﬂuenced by societal gender role expectations regarding heavy drinking or the use of violence to settle disputes. Minorities often have poorer health and fewer material and nonmaterial resources to meet their needs, associated with historical and contemporary patterns of discrimination and related residential or occupational segregation, more limited economic or educational opportunities, and the disproportionate exposure to environmental risks in predominantly minority neighborhoods.
Findings based on this hypothesis show that the mental health and well-being of low socioeconomic status (SES) groups tend to be more adversely affected by stressful or negative events than is the case for those with Who Are the Vulnerable? 5 higher SES and that historical and current social status differences help to explain these differences (Hamilton, Broman, Hoffman, & Renner, 1990; McLeod & Kessler, 1990). The concept of risk assumes that there is always a chance that an adverse health-related outcome will occur.
At Risk in America: The Health and Health Care Needs of Vulnerable Populations in the United States by Lu Ann Aday