By Thomas P. Wampler
A pragmatic consultant to exploit of pyrolysis recommendations within the analytical laboratory for forensic proof, paints, fibers, paper, ink, photocopies, artwork and museum items, and different fabrics. one of the issues are instrumentation and research, step by step strategies, and environmental functions. Compares the analytic effects with prior findings on such fabrics as polyolefins, condensation polymers, cultural fabrics, and polar macromolecules.
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In the latter case, fragments will be present that incorporate molecules of both monomers. 12 Pyrogram of a copolymer of poly(propylene) and 1-butene, with peaks marked A and B associated with the propylene monomer and 1-butene, respectively. relative to each other in the macromolecule. It is possible to identify small fragments resulting from only one or the other of the monomers and thus study the effect of relative monomer concentration on abundance of specific peaks in the pyrogram. 12 shows the pyrogram of a copolymer of polypropylene and 1-butene, with peaks marked A and B, associated with the propylene monomer and 1-butene, respectively.
4 PYROLYSIS AT SLOW OR PROGRAMMED RATES Although for most analytical pyrolysis techniques it is advisable to heat the sample to its final temperature as rapidly as possible, there are times when just the opposite is required. To simulate thermal processes, such as TGA on a small scale, or to analyze the degradation products produced from a sample as they are generated, slower, controlled heating is required. These slow-rate experiments demonstrate, for example, that poly(vinyl chloride) degrades in a two-step process, producing HCl at a relatively low temperature and aromatics at elevated temperatures.
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Applied Pyrolysis Handbook by Thomas P. Wampler