Download e-book for kindle: Applications and Investigations in Earth Science by Tarbuck,Lutgens,Pinzke

By Tarbuck,Lutgens,Pinzke

ISBN-10: 0321689550

ISBN-13: 9780321689559

Excellent to be used with any Earth technological know-how textual content, this flexible selection of introductory-level laboratory reviews examines the fundamental rules and ideas of the Earth sciences. broadly praised for its concise insurance and dynamic illustrations through Dennis Tasa, the textual content includes twenty-three step by step routines that make stronger significant themes in geology, oceanography, meteorology, and astronomy. The 7th variation bargains over eighty new photographs, redrawn illustrations, and security «Caution» bins all through.

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Fine-grained igneous rocks are composed of individual crystals that are too small to be identified without strong magnification. Porphyritic Texture A porphyritic texture results when molten rock cools in two different environments. The resulting rock consists of larger crystals embedded in a matrix of smaller crystals. The larger crystals are termed phenocrysts, and the smaller, surrounding crystals are called groundmass, or matrix. Glassy Texture During explosive volcanic eruptions, molten rock is ejected into the atmosphere, where it is quenched very quickly.

Which of these terms most accurately describes the texture of Sample N—clastic or nonclastic? 33. Sample H is a microcrystalline rock composed of calcite, and Sample O is a microcrystalline rock composed of quartz. What test(s) could you use to figure out which is which? 34. What mineral does Sample D contain that gives it a pinkish color? 11 divides sedimentary rocks into two groups—detrital and chemical. 11 Sedimentary rock identification key. Mudstone Clastic Texture (particle size) Chemical Sedimentary Rocks Arkose Composition Calcite, CaCO3 (effervesces in HCl) Distinctive Properties Visible shells and shell fragments loosely cemented Various size shells and shell fragments, well cemented Graywacke Microscopic shells and clay, soft Siltstone Faint layering, may contain cavities or pores Shale Quartz, SiO2 Claystone Microcrystalline, may exhibit conchoidal fracture, will scratch glass Rock Name Crystalline Limestone Micrite L i m e s t o n e Coquina Fossiliferous Limestone Chalk Travertine Chert (light colored) Flint (dark colored) Agate (banded) Gypsum CaSO4•2H2O Fine to coarse crystalline, soft Rock Gypsum Halite, NaCl Fine to coarse crystalline, tastes salty Rock Salt Altered plant fragments Black brittle organic rock, may be layered Bituminous Coal 32 Part One / Geology rocks are based upon grain size, whereas composition is used to subdivide the chemical sedimentary rocks.

Evaporite deposits O. Detrital rocks Igneous rocks: _____________________________ Sedimentary rocks: _________________________ A. B. (Name) (Name) (Rock Group) (Rock Group) Metamorphic rocks: _________________________ 4. 21 and list their names in order from lowest to highest metamorphic grade. 5. 22 and name the rock group to which each belongs. C. (Name) D. (Name) (Name) (Rock Group) (Rock Group) (Name) E. (Name) F. (Name) (Name) (Rock Group) (Rock Group) (Name) Lowest G. H. 21 Photos to accompany question 4.

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Applications and Investigations in Earth Science by Tarbuck,Lutgens,Pinzke

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