New PDF release: Analytical Tools for Assessing the Chemical Safety of Meat

By Fidel Toldrá

ISBN-10: 1461442761

ISBN-13: 9781461442769

The target of the short is to summarize the state-of-the-art at the chemical issues of safety at present referring to meat and chook, and to debate the present foreign laws at the instruments on hand for his or her regulate. The short will overview the analytical controls and instrumentation to be had for the regulate of residues of development promoters, antibiotics, and the other environmental components in uncooked meat and fowl. furthermore, there'll be a dialogue of either the ingredients which may be generated as a result of processing, and the instruments which are on hand for his or her keep an eye on. those ingredients could be particularly different in nature; they could comprise, for instance, the heterocyclic amines generated via heating, the nitrosamines occasionally found in cured meats with nitrite if no longer accurately processed, the polycyclic fragrant hydrocarbons that may be generated looking on the kind of smoking used, or the biogenic amines that may be generated in the course of fermentation. ultimately, the controls for the detection of international proteins (e.g., whey proteins) within the ultimate items may be additionally compiled. The short will finish with a view of destiny tendencies and key references for readers attracted to studying extra approximately this topic.

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Extra info for Analytical Tools for Assessing the Chemical Safety of Meat and Poultry

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Nitrites and nitrates were authorized as additives in Directive 95/2/EC on food additives other than colors and sweeteners. This directive was amended by Directive 2006/52/EC of 5 July 2006, where the initial amounts were replaced by maximum levels to be added. In general, the maximum amount of nitrite that can be added to all meat products is 150 mg/kg, whereas nitrate can be added in the case of unheated meat products to a maximum of 150 mg/kg (Honikel 2010). There are some exceptions like Wiltshire or drycured bacon, where the amounts are slightly higher.

2001; Straub et al. 1995). Tyramine is the most commonly found amine in fermented sausages and cadaverine and putrescine, though with more variability and at lower levels; histamine is rarely present, and the contents of phenylethylamine and tryptamine are usually low (Vidal-Carou et al. 2007). 21 summarizes the different amines and their respective amino acid precursors. Based on their chemical structure, amines can be classified as aromatic amines (histamine, tyramine, phenylethylamine, and tryptamine), aliphatic diamines (putresine and cadaverine), and aliphatic polyamines (agmatine, spermidine, and spermine).

Coccidia parasites are transmitted by fecal infection, especially on farms. Anticoccidials are used in poultry to prevent and control coccidiosis, a contagious infection carried by parasites that causes serious effects such as bloody diarrhea and loss of egg production. There are several groups of anticoccidiosis compounds such as nitrofurans, carbanilides, 4-hydroxyquinolones, pyrimidines, and ionophores. Ionophores are polyether antibiotics used against coccidia parasites in poultry. They include monensin, salinomycin, narasin, and lasalocid.

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Analytical Tools for Assessing the Chemical Safety of Meat and Poultry by Fidel Toldrá


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