By Stephen Garrard Post, Visit Amazon's Lynn G. Underwood Page, search results, Learn about Author Central, Lynn G. Underwood, , Jeffrey Schloss, William B. Hurlbut
The idea that of altruism, or disinterested difficulty for another's welfare, has been mentioned via each person from theologians to psychologists to biologists. during this e-book, evolutionary, neurological, developmental, mental, social, cultural, and non secular points of altruistic habit are tested. it's a collaborative exam of 1 of humanity's crucial and defining features by way of popular researchers from a variety of disciplines. Their integrative discussion illustrates that altruistic habit is an important mode of expression that may be studied via a variety of scholarly tools and understood from various views in either the arts and the sciences. Altruism and Altruistic Love establishes a framework for scholarship on altruism via featuring definitions, a old evaluation, a overview of latest study, and debates in numerous disciplines, in addition to a dialogue of instructions for destiny paintings.
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Extra resources for Altruism & Altruistic Love: Science, Philosophy & Religion in Dialogue
Or, to give this question a temporal dimension, if speciﬁc altruistic desires were part of the human phenotype before general ethical principles came along, why did the latter become part of that phenotype? One possible explanation is the social function that moral principles serve. Moral principles are devices for encouraging group-beneﬁcial desires and behaviors. Human beings evolved in a social environment; the desires we have are inﬂuenced by that social environment. The morality espoused and enforced by our elders is a powerful inﬂuence on the type of person we grow up to be.
The body of everyday experience that can touch or be touched, the body as a haptic ﬁeld, is dematerialized, dissolved into inheritable codes amenable to computational modeling. Because the pre-Socratic philosopher Pythagoras, who believed that numbers are the elements of all things, preﬁgured this interpretation of the body, I shall henceforth refer to the body thus understood as the Pythagorean body. It is not my aim to contest the demonstrable utility of genetically coded information in the context of evolutionary biology but rather to show that the Pythagorean body differs from the sensate body that feels pain and suffering and that is required by alterity-altruism.
But suppose you will ﬁnd it equally painful to know that your accomplice is in jail (if he serves n months in jail, this will cause you as much pain as would be delivered by your spending n months in jail yourself ). In this case, just as in the case of genuine benevolence, you will choose to remain silent. If your utilities are as described, then you are not in a prisoners’ dilemma, properly so called. Utility in the prisoners’ dilemma has to be “crassly egoistic,” not just egoistic. The Prisoners’ Dilemma: Evolutionary Game Theory Although rationality leads to universal selﬁshness when the prisoners’ dilemma is formulated as a problem about rational deliberation, it turns out that natural selection does not inevitably lead to universal selﬁshness when the game is transposed to an evolutionary context.
Altruism & Altruistic Love: Science, Philosophy & Religion in Dialogue by Stephen Garrard Post, Visit Amazon's Lynn G. Underwood Page, search results, Learn about Author Central, Lynn G. Underwood, , Jeffrey Schloss, William B. Hurlbut